A Disease Than Can be Managed.

Diabetes is a severe disease in which the body of human beings becomes unable to process blood sugar or blood glucose. This results in a higher level of blood glucose, which is basically due to the inability to make or utilize the insulin present in the body. Insulin is a really important hormone that the pancreas produces. It makes sure that the glucose, present in the food we eat, reaches the cells in our body. This is how our bodies remain healthy and energized as glucose is a major source of energy. Due to the deficiency of insulin in the body, blood sugar does not get into our cells, resulting in much greater levels of glucose with diabetes.

The presence of excessive amounts of glucose in the blood can cause several health-related problems, especially for older people. No proper cure could have been found for this particular desase known as diabetes, but it can be managed and controlled using several ways.

We often hear people saying that some person has ’borderline diabetes' or he has a touch of sugar or diabetes. These terms refer to a less intense case of diabetes, but no matter what you call it, all sorts of diabetes are serious and require proper care.


Below are explained some of the most common types of diabetes.

1-Type 1

The body of the people who are diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes has stopped producing insulin at all. Their immune system damages the cells present in their pancreas that is responsible for making insulin. This type of diabetes is usually found in younger adults or even children. However, the age factor is not associated with Type 1 diabetes, and it can be diagnosed in people of all ages. It can also be inherited from genes, i.e. people having parents or siblings with Type 1 diabetes are most likely to develop Type 1 diabetes. Another factor that hugely contributes to this health problem is the environment. Different viruses present in our atmosphere trigger this diabetes.

  • How Can Type 1 Diabetes be managed?

It is mandatory for the people having Type 1 diabetes to intake insulin daily to survive. Along with insulin, there are other health-care routines as well that can help people manage this diabetes. There are proper diets available for people with this diabetes. These diets should be strictly followed, and glucose levels should be often checked. It is important to live a healthy and active life. Physical activities also help manage this diabetes.

  • Symptoms and Further Complications Type 1 Diabetes

The most common symptoms of type 1 diabetes are increased hunger and thirst, fatigue, more urination, blurred vision, and fast weight loss. This diabetes can further lead to some really serious problems if not properly taken care of. These health problems include heart disease, kidney disease, nerve damage, strokes, dental diseases, depression, eye problems, and sleep apnea. These problems can only be prevented or delayed by following a proper plan recommended by your doctors during Type 1 diabetes.

2-Type 2

It can be said that the most common types of all kinds of diabetes is Type 2 diabetes. It appears the most in people who belong to older age groups. However, it is not necessary, and it can be diagnosed in people as young as children as well. Type 2 diabetes is caused when the human body stops producing or making effective use of the insulin present in the blood. Thus, the levels of sugar increase in the blood and this diabetes slowly develops.

  • Causes of Type 2 Diabetes

Obesity and weight loss are the two major factors that results in Type 2 diabetes. A person has more chances of developing this diabetes of this particular type if his family has a history of diabetes. Little or no physical activity contributes to the development of this diabetes. Also, people with high blood pressure are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, as well. Women with gestational diabetes are more vulnerable to type 2 diabetes.

  • Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

The symptoms of Type 2 diabetes include increased thirst and hunger, excessive urination, and feeling tired all the time, fast weight loss, blurred vision, sores, and numbness. These symptoms usually develop such slowly that they are usually not even recognized and are easily ignored. There have been cases when no symptoms of Type 2 diabetes as this diabetes were experienced by the people until they got into serious diabetes-related health problems such as heart or kidney disease.

  • How Can Type 2 Diabetes be managed?

It is important to adopt a healthy routine to manage your Type 2 diabetes. This includes controlling your blood pressure, glucose levels as well as cholesterol levels through different techniques. Living an active life can help a lot in achieving this goal. Thus, physical activities are a major part of such plans. Also, eating fresh and healthy is another technique. Losing weight if you are obese is another thing that is important. Most people have to reduce their calorie intake and opt for healthier options only. If a person with diabetes smokes, it can be really dangerous. Hence, quitting smoking is another essential thing to do. These are all some very general techniques. You can ask your doctor to make a proper health-care routine that particularly suits you and follow it regularly to manage your diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes cannot be managed through only healthy routines, but it also requires the patient to take some pills and medicines. You may have to take insulin and some other medicines regularly. The number of medicines to manage diabetes increases as you grow older or in special circumstances such as pregnancy. Other medicines to control your cholesterol levels and blood pressure may also be required to manage diabetes. Also, checking your glucose levels regularly is important to avoid getting into further complications of Type 2.

  • Further Diseases A Patients Can Develop

Type 2 diabetes can further lead to other health-care problems as well, and some of them are very serious. These problems include heart disease, nerve damage, liver disease, heart stroke, and few types of cancer, kidney disease, eye disease, dental problems such as gum disease, foot problems, depression, bladder problems, and sexual issues as well. Thus, it is really important for Type 2 diabetes patients to strictly abide by a health-care plan recommended by their doctors.

  • Prevention From of Type 2 Diabetes

However, researchers say that the chances of getting type 2 diabetes can be reduced to some extent by adopting certain techniques in your daily life. Physical activity can surely help a lot as it is really important for people who are overweight to shed at least five percent of their current weight to delay or avoid the development of Type 2 diabetes. Your doctor can suggest physical activities that are best for you. Try slowly getting a grip over them. The workout has to be made a part of your daily life. Also, eating healthy and fresh is another technique. Junk food and anything with extra calories should be completely avoided. These techniques may protect you against diabetes or at least delay it.

3-Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is diagnosed in pregnant women. It usually goes away along with the pregnancy majority of the time. The researchers say that women who are diagnosed with Gestational diabetes in their pregnancies have a much higher chance of getting Type 2 diabetes anytime later in life.

  • Symptoms and Causes Gestational Diabetes

This diabetes has almost no or very mild symptoms. You may have some bladder problems or feel thirstier. The cause of Gestational diabetes is pregnancy itself as the hormonal changes prevent your body from making effective use of insulin. Gestational diabetes can also be inherited through genes and obesity is another factor which may also become a reason.

  • How can Gestational Diabetes be managed?

Managing Gestational diabetes again includes a lot of physical activity and a healthy diet plan. Lack of physical activity or unhealthy meals can result in high glucose levels in your blood. Pregnant women are tested for glucose challenge between periods of the 24th week to the 28th week. If high blood sugar is found, they are further sent for an OGTT test –oral glucose tolerant test, to check for gestational diabetes.

  • Techniques For Prevention From Gestational Diabetes

This diabetes can be prevented by losing any extra weight that you have before getting pregnant. Physical activities before and during the period of pregnancy can also help prevent this diabetes. This is important as not only women with tdiabetes of this type have a much higher chances of developing Type 2 diabetes, but their baby is also vulnerable to diabetes and is likely to become obese.


diabetes is a very serious and harmful condition that changes one's life. Although it can be managed by taking care of your blood sugar levels on a regular basis, but it can still lead to life-threatening problems. People with diabetes have to follow a very healthy lifestyle to prevent getting into more problems. They have to opt for healthy food all their life and make exercise a part of their daily life. If you feel that you or any of your family member has symptoms of some types diabetes, consult a doctor as soon as possible.


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